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LLP vs Limited Company: Understanding the Key Differences

Choosing the right business structure is a crucial decision for entrepreneurs and business owners. Among the various options available, two popular choices are Limited Liability Partnerships (LLPs) and limited companies. In this article, we will delve into the key differences between an LLP and a limited company, helping you make an informed decision for your business.

Liability Protection

One of the fundamental distinctions between an LLP and a limited company is the level of liability protection they offer. In an LLP, partners enjoy limited liability, which means their personal assets are safeguarded in case of business debts or legal claims. On the other hand, in a limited company, shareholders’ liability is limited to the amount they have invested in the company, offering similar protection.

Legal Status

Both LLPs and limited companies are recognised as distinct legal entities. An LLP can own assets, enter into contracts, and sue or be sued in its own name. Similarly, a limited company is an independent entity from its shareholders, allowing it to conduct business activities, own assets, and assume legal responsibilities separately.

Management and Control

The management and control structures of LLPs and limited companies also differ. In an LLP, partners collectively manage the business and make decisions based on the terms outlined in the partnership agreement. Conversely, a limited company appoints directors who oversee day-to-day operations and decision-making. Shareholders typically have voting rights proportionate to their shareholding.

Ownership and Share Capital

LLPs and limited companies exhibit variations in ownership and share capital. In an LLP, partners have direct ownership interests, and profits and losses are distributed according to the partnership agreement. Ownership in an LLP is not represented by shares. In contrast, limited companies allocate ownership through shares, with shareholders owning shares and receiving dividends based on their shareholding.

Legal Requirements

Both LLPs and limited companies have specific legal requirements to fulfill. For LLPs, registration of a partnership agreement with the appropriate authority is typically mandatory. Additionally, LLPs must comply with annual filings and other compliance obligations. Limited companies, on the other hand, must be formally incorporated with the relevant company registrar and adhere to various legal obligations, such as filing annual financial statements, maintaining statutory registers, and holding general meetings.

Perpetual Existence

A notable advantage of both LLPs and limited companies is their perpetual existence. Regardless of changes in partners or shareholders over time, the business can continue its operations seamlessly. This aspect ensures business continuity and stability.


Choosing between an LLP and a limited company involves careful consideration of various factors. LLPs offer limited liability to partners, while limited companies extend liability protection to shareholders. The structures, management, ownership, and legal requirements differ significantly between the two. Understanding these distinctions is crucial for making an informed decision that aligns with your business objectives and priorities.

If you require further guidance on determining the appropriate business structure or assistance with accounting matters, consider consulting professionals like eAccounts, an online accountancy firm. Our expertise can help navigate the complexities and ensure compliance with relevant regulations, allowing you to focus on growing your business.

For more information on how eAccounts can help you. Please contact us on 02921 056209 alternatively email

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